The Croatian cathedrals are characterised by several characterisations. This probably is a result of the geographical position of the cathedrals and the predominance of several cultures during the centuries. The Roman period cathedrals are all located in Pula and Split. Romanesque cathedrals are located in Krk, Senj, Rab, Zadar and Trogir. One can see Gothic cathedrals mainly in Korcula and Zagreb. Baroque cathedrals are mainly located in Dubrovnik. Below you find an overview of the most beautiful cathedrals in Croatia.
Zagreb Cathedral | This cathedral is the most well known building of Zagreb. The cathedral has been built in Gothic style and is of great architectonic value. It has been dedicated to saint virgin Ascension and to St Stephan and saint Ladislaus. The cathedral stands on the rests of a cathedral from the 12 th century. This former cathedral was devastated by the Turks in 1242. Especially the paintings are worth a visit. These paintings are painted to the walls of the cathedral. They are equal to the Roman circle and have been made in the 13 th century. In the 14 th and the 15 th centuries the cathedral has been arised. In the second half of the 15 th century the cathedral got a Gothic character. At the end of the 15 th century the cathedral became the most oriental cathedral of the west. This was in a period of many fortification. Today the cathedral shows five round towers and a square tower. The cathedral is certainly worth a visit when visiting Zagreb.
Anastasia cathedral: Zadar | This superb Romanesque cathedral stand on the old forum. The cathedral was founded by the Byzantines in the 9th century and rebuilt in the 12 th and 13 th century in Romanesque style. The harmonious wall with three doors, completed in 1324, is horizontally shared in two pieces. The large window is Romanesque, the other Gothic. Statues decorate the central door. On the side of the raised priest chancel you see treated wooden chancel banks, the work of the Venetian Matteo Monronzoni (early 15 th century).
Jacobus cathedral: Sibenik | Croatian and international experts worked for many years to restore this beautiful cathedral after the bombardment by the serbs in 1991. The original construction (1432-1555) took place by well-known Dalmatian and Italian construction masters. The Venetian Antonio Dalle Masegne got the first task to built the lowest gothic part. Its continuator Juraj Dalmatinac designed the higher renaissance part, the pictures at the doors with Adam and Eva at the Lionstatue, the 72 faces on the outside of the apsis, many of the capitals, the tombe of Juraj I goric and together with Adija Alei the splendid baptistry. After the death of Dalmatinac in 1475 the work was continued by Nikola Firentinac and he designed the superb priest chancel, the cupola, the galleries and the curved roof.
The cupola was seriously damaged in 1991.
The cupola is carried by a square construction with on three sides an arc, rewarded by a statue. The stones have been created in such way that the builders were not forced to use cement. The outside has been created by the Croatian design master Juraj Dalmatinac and its assistants.
The fine stones have been made by Juraj Dalmatinac and Nikola Firentinac. The upper parts are decorated with other stones relief.
This door has been called after the two stone lions who defend the pictures of Adam and Eva.
At the end of the cathedral one can see an impressive baptistry with many pictures and relief of Juraj Dalmatinac, Nikola Firentinac and Adija Alei.
Trg Republike Hrvaste 1
Tel: 022 214 899
Of May till September opened daily from 08.30 - 20.00.
Of October till April opened daily from 08.30 - 12.00 and from 16.00 - 18.30.
Cathedral St.Euphemia: Rovinj | This cathedral dominates the city Rovinj. The cathedral goes back to ancient Christian time, but the current construction work is related from 1736. The nearby clockwork tower is 61 meters high and seems to look like the clockwork tower San Marco at Venice. A great iron statue of the H.Euphemia stands on the roof of the tower. The church shows a beautiful view on the roofs of Rovinj and to the islands.
Cathedral of the great Maria: Rab | This superb Romanesque construction work was finished in 1177 and was especially built for pope Alexander III. Inside the cathedral you can see a beautiful statue of Paolo Veneziano (1350). The clockwork tower (13 th century) is nearby the cathedral and is highest of the island.
Laurentius cathedral: Trogir | The cathedral is located at the place of an earlier church, which was devastated by the Saracenes. Construction began in 1193 and lasted several years. Many several artists were involved. The church has two entrances. The side door from 1213 is well known as ' the door of the duke ' and is very simple. The other entrance is a superb Romanesque portal under an atrium. Next to this portal you will find a splendid Venetian-Gothic clockwork tower, which is built between the early 15 th century and the late 16 th century. The portal has been made around 1240 by the valley sculptor master Radovan, and is the most beautiful example of Romanesque sculpture art in Dalmatia.
Address: Trg Ivana Pavla II
Tel: 021 881 426
Visiting hours: Opened daily from 08.00 - 12.00 and from 16.30 - 19.30
Maria cathedral: Krk-city | This cathedral dates from the 12 th century, but has later changed. The church has a wall of light nature stone and accommodates four paintings (1706) of Cristoforo Tasca and a wooden baroque sermon chair.
Treasure chamber and Cathedral of Dubrovnik | The cathedral was built after the earthquake of 1667 by the Italian architects Andrea Buffalini and Paolo Andreotti. The inside shows paintings of Italian and Dalmatian artists from the 16 th - 18 th century.
The treasure chamber of the cathedral is famous for its collection of approximately 200 art pieces, among them the arm of the saint Blasius from the 13 th century and a holy cross that consists a fragment of the cross to which Jesus is crusified.
The ' saint virgin of the chair ' have been painted by Rafaël and is a copy of the master work which is showed in Florence. The treasure chamber accommodates also a large collection objects in gold, among them a pitcher and scale in gold and silver which decorates the flora and fauna of the region around Dubrovnik.
Saint-Marcus cathedral in Korcula | This Romanesque cathedral has a beautiful clockwork tower. The wall shows resemblances with churches in Puglia, southern Italy. On the square Strossmayerov trg lies the most important monument of Korcula, the Marcus cathedral which dates from the late 15 th century. On the left site of the church is an impressive clockwork tower. Inside there are large decorated capitals and some important sculptures: Some pieces of Toma Malumba, attributed to the work shop of Marco Andrijic. Inside is also a picture of the H.Blasius of Ivan Mestrovic. One of the paintings is Marucs with HH. Hiëronymus and Bartholomeus, a painting of Tintoretto. Trophies on the wall remind to the battle of Lepanto in 1571.
Sint-Vitus cathedral: Rijeka | This large baroque church have been built between 1638 and 1742 by the Jezuïten. It is an impressive cathedral and worth visiting.
Stefanus cathedral: Krk-city | The Stefanus (renaissance) cathedral has a tower which dates from the 17 th century. Inside the cathedral there is a lot of art work: ' Maria with saints ' of Palma il Giovane (1544-1628), a ' Pietà ' of Juan Boschetus and ' Maria with saints ' of Domenico Uberti. There is also a nice wooden chancel which dates from the 16 th century.
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