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Croatia  Chronological overview

History in time

  • Around 50.000-30.000 b.C Homo sapiens neandertalensis lives near Krapina

  • Around 6000-2500 b. C Neolithicum: finding places Danilo, Hvar, Butmir

  • Around 2200-1800 b.C Aenolithicum: finding places Lasinje and Vucedol

  • Around 1200 b.C Illyriers established on the balkan

  • Around 400 b.C The first Greek colonies founded near the Adriatic sea

  • Around 390 b.C Dionysius, the brother of Syracuse turnes the island Vis into an outside defence wall.

  • 279 b.C The Kelts, marched to the Balkan and defeat the Greeks.

  • Around 229 b.C The Roman devastating Illyric fortress, submit to the Greek colonies Lissa and Pharos and force the Illyriers to tax payment

  • Around 177 b.C Roman fleet is attacked by Istrien: Rome sends an army which covers them and dissipates.

  • Around 107 b.C Decisive Roman victory on the Scordisci. Rome thanks the triumph to Quintus Minucius Rufus.

  • Around 100 b.C The Romans dominates the East coast of the Adriatic sea.

  • Around 6-9 August conquers Pannony and starts with the construction of fortress along the rivers: Later the area comes under direct control of the Roman under the name Provincia Pannoniae.

  • Around 12 Definite victory over the Illyriers.

  • Around 271 Aurelianus exclaim the river donau as border of the Roman empire.

  • Around 284 Diocletanus becomes emperor: some years later they start building the palace in Split, where Diocletanus withdraws himself in 304.

  • Around 400 Odoaker, leader of the barbaric contingents, dethroned Romulus Augustulus, the last West Roman emperor: Dalmatia becomes Byzantyn sovereignty

  • Around 500 The slaves occupy Pannony, what will become Slavony

  • Around 600 The Croatian move to the current land of Croatia in Opper-Pannony and Dalmatia.

  • Around 799 Charles the greatest defeats and submit the Croatian in Laurana (Lovran). This is the beginning of Christianity in Croatia. Croatian cultural centre by than is Aenona (Nin). The first writings in Croatian appears.

  • Around 820 Croatian founded cities Biograd, Sibenik and Knin.

  • Around 852 Duke Trpimir makes a covenant in where he mentions Croatia for the first time.

  • Around 925 Tomislav, the first Croatian king is called, he unites the Pannonien and Dalmatian parts.

  • Around 956 Branimir acquires the title king of Croatia with the blessing of the pope.

  • Around 1058 King Kresimir increas his kingdom by uniting Croatia and conquer the Dalmatian is islands.

  • Around 1091 Ladislaus, king of Hungary, unite Croatia and Hungary.

  • Around 1102 After the death of Petar Svacic (the last Croatian king) Croatia signs a pact with Hungary. King Koloman (Hungarian), continuator of Ladislaus, is crowned as the king of Croatia and Dalmatia.

  • 1242 King Bela IV declares Zagreb as a free royal city.

  • 1301 The death of Andreas III: The end of Arpad-dynasty.

  • 1433 The beginning of the first defence against the Turks, who after a short period of time nevertheless occupy a large part of Croatia.

  • 1527 The Habsburg dynasty takes over the Croatian throne.

  • 1573 Insurrection by Croatian farmers: Matija Gubec, becomes the hero of this revolution: famers got more civil rights and freedom.

  • 1612 A theatre in Hvar is built, Today this is one of the eldest in Europe.

  • 1667 Heavy earthquake: Dubrovnik heavily damaged.

  • 1699 Croatia has almost defeated the Turks. The inland country remains under the governing board of Habsburg. The largest part of Adriatic under control by Venetian. Only the republic Dubrovnik remains entirely independent.

  • 1792 - 1797 In the war against France the Croatian fought in the north of Italy, the Netherlands and Germany. The Croatian dukes were hostile disposed against the French revolution and their ideas.

  • 1815 After a short predominance of the French Napoleon, the current Croatia becomes a part of the Habsburgs dynasty.
    1847 Croatian language becomes the official language in the Croatian parliament, it replaces Latin.

  • 1848 Ban Josip Jelacic defended Croatia against a Hungarian attempt to occupy Croatia, he united all Croatian provinces.

  • 1866 Bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer started the Croatian Academy for art and science, the first academy of this kind in southeast Europe.

  • 1893 Peoples theatre in Split opened.

  • 1918 After the fall of the Habsburg monarchy in world war I, Croatia becomes part of the kingdom of Serbs, Croatian and Slovenes, what is later exclaimed to Yugoslavia.

  • 14-05-1922 In the village Veliko Trgovisce: Franjo Tudjman is born. Later he will be the first Croatian President.

  • 1941 The Germans and Italian occupy Yugoslavia. The began of the resistance by Josip Broz Tito.

  • 08-05-1945 Liberation of Zagreb.

  • 1945 The begin of the Republic of Yugoslavia.

  • 17-10-1989 Prljavo Kazaliste gives a concert on the square Ban Jelacic (Zagreb) and with 250,000 people the word "Hrvatska" (Croatia) was mentioned for the fisrt time.

  • 1990 The first free elections since WO II. The parliament choose dr. Franjo Tudjman as the first President of Croatia.

  • 1991 Croatia exclaimed themselves as an independent state: the Serbian riot starts and they are helped by the Yugoslavian army and Serbia. 30% of Croatia will soon be occupied by these armed forces.

  • 31-07-1991 Tomislav Ivcic writes the song "stop the war in Croatia", the song is transmitted in 31 countries worldwide.

  • 1992 The republic Croatia becomes a member of the United Nations.

  • 04-03-1993 Tomislav Ivcic dies by a car accident in Zagreb.

  • 07-06-1993 The famous Croatian basketball player Drazen Petrovic dies by a car accident in Denkendorf (Germany).

  • 1998 The last part of former occupied Croatia, the city Vukovar, is officially Croatian again.

  • 11-12-1999 dr Franjo Tudjman dies.

  • 01/2000 Elections are won by a coalition of 6 parties. Mesic becomes President of Croatia.

  • 01/2005 In January: Elections: Mesic doe a wonderful job and stays president of Croatia.


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