Dalmatia
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Middle Croatia
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Croatia  Cities in middle Croatia

Image2Jasenovac | Jasenovac Croatia is a small town on the left bank of the Sava river, in the part of Posavina that gravitates to Sisak, 12 km southwest of Novska. The population is about 1,154. It was first mentioned as a habitation and a fortification in the 14th century. The chief occupation is farming. Jasenovac is located on the regional road and the railroad Sisak - Novska.

The school building has a built-in antique stele (with five busts and an inscription). The mediaeval fortification Jasenovac had the ground-plan in the shape of an irregular triangle and was enclosed by a moat. The parish church of St. Nicholas (1829) was destroyed in the Patriotic War in 1992; now under reconstruction. - On the location of the former concentration camp a memorial site has been arranged, comprising a museum and the monument in the shape of a huge flower (a work by the architect B. Bogdanovic).

Unfortunately It's most (in)famous for naming the Jasenovac complex of WWII concentration camps. Since many years there is a beautiful monument for the casualties designed by Bogdan Bogdanovic.

Jastrebarsko | Jastrebarsko (Jaska), a town on the slopes of Plesivica Mountain, 32 km southwest from Zagreb; elevation 154 m; population 5,380. First mentioned in 1249. Economy is based on farming, grape-growing, viniculture, fishing and wood and timber industry. Jastrebarsko lies near the highway Zagreb - Karlovac, on the regional road and along the railroad.

Image3Karlovac | Karlovac is a city in central Croatia with 59,395 inhabitants (2001), centre of the Karlovac county. Karlovac is located on the Zagreb-Rijeka highway and railway line, 56 km from Zagreb and 130 km from Rijeka.

Karlovac was founded in a fort built in the 16th century where four rivers merge (Kupa, Korana, Mrežnica and Dobra) with a unique shape: as a six-side star fort. The shape of this star still exists around the town. Its name is Carlstadt in German, after the archduke Charles of Habsburg who had it built starting July 13, 1579 on the Zrinski estate near the old town of Dubovac (the castle of Dubovac still exists). The architect of the city was Matija Gambon.

The first church (of the Holy Trinity) was built in the central square in 1580, but all of the city buildings burned down in the fire of 1594. The forces of the Ottoman Empire laid siege to Karlovac seven times, the last time in 1672, but failed to occupy it. The plague epidemic of 1773 was also a notable threat to the city, decimating almost half the population at the time.

The fort was beginning to be too crowded for the city's rising population, and the Military Frontier government couldn't allow for its further growth. On December 6, 1693 the city received some limited self-government. Queen Maria Theresia, after long insistence from the Croatian Parliament, restored the towns of Karlovac and Rijeka to the Croatian crownland on August 9, 1776. King Joseph II reaffirmed it as a free town with an official charter in 1781, allowing the citizens to expand the city and utilize the potential of being at the crossroads of paths from Pannonian plains to the Adriatic coast. The town blossomed in the 18th and the 19th century with the development of roads to the seaside and waterways along the Kupa river.

The town's fortunes declined in the 20th century, though it is currently recovering.

Karlovac's main industry is now its beer "Karlovaèko Pivo", produced by Karlovaèka Pivovara d.d., recently a subsidiary of Heineken.

Image4Kostajnica | Kostajnica is a town on a river Una. Kostajnica has 2700 inhabitants. It is known for the 14th century fortress that won its honourable name of "Bastion of Croatia" during the Turkish wars. Hr. Kostajnicahas been destroyed during the war in 1991. 10 volunteers will work on reconstruction and rebuilding of the path on the forested hill called Djed, favourite place for excursions, with a view point; renovation of school garden and banks of Una River. They will be accommodated in local school on mattresses and sleeping bags are necessary.

Kutina | Kutina is a town on the south-eastern slopes of Moslavacka Gora Mountain in the Moslavina region, 77 km southeast of Zagreb. Kutina has a population of 14,992 inhabitants. It was first mentioned as a market town in 1256. Economy is based on farming, viticulture, forestry, production of mineral fertilizers, carbon blacks and clay, electronic industry and tourism. Kutina is located at the intersection of the main roads (M1, E70) Zagreb - Lipovac and Kutina - Garesnica - Virovitica, as well as on the railroad Zagreb - Vinkovci.

The major urban centre of Moslavina owes its attractiveness to its location between the southern slopes of wine-growing Moslavacka Gora and the lowland Lonjsko Polje field with the nature park of the same name, as well as to its excellent traffic connections (highway, railroad). The remains of the old fortifications on Moslavacka Gora - the prehistoric Maric hill-fort, the mediaeval burg Garicgrad, Jelengrad, etc. - and the remains of Erdödy's mediaeval burg Plovdin (Blodin), southeast of Kutina, add to the tourist offer of this region.

The most important annual tourist event is the Voloder Autumn - grape harvest festivities - in nearby Voloder.

Walking and hiking on Moslavacka Gora, boating on the backwaters of Lonjsko Polje, horseback riding, hunting (Moslavacka Gora and Lonjsko Polje), fishing (nearby water streams and storage lakes Banova Jaruga and Ilova) are major recreational activities. Local specialities (venison and fish) and indigenous Moslavina wines are offered in vineyards cottages and restaurants.

Novska | Novska is a city in Sisak-Mosavina County in western Slavonia, 104 km southeast of Zagreb and has a population of 13.985. Novska lies some 10 km north of confluence of Una into Sava, somewhere on the historical border between historical Croatia proper and Slavonia. Chief occupations are farming, livestock breeding; major industries include wood processing (furniture factory, sawmill), metal processing (fittings, metallurgy products), building material production (brickyard), textiles and food processing (mill, silos); oil and natural gas deposits are found in the surroundings. Novska is located on the main road (M1, E70) and on the junction of the railways Zagreb Dugo Selo Novska and Zagreb Sisak Novska to Vinkovci

Ogulin | In the centre of the continental part of Croatia is the town Ogulin (population 10,857) at the river Dobra in Gorski Kotar, at the foot of Klek in the mountain massif of Velika Kapela. It was founded in the wide valley where two beautiful rivers flow: the river Dobra and Mrežnica. Chief occupations include farming, livestock breeding and wood processing. Situated at the intersection of the regional roads to Vrbovsko, Novi Vinodolski, Karlovac, and via Josipdol, the town is connected with the main road (M12-3) Karlovac - Brinje - Senj; at the railroad Rijeka - Zagreb, near an important railway junction Ostarije (Zagreb - Rijeka, Zagreb - Split). Well preserved ancient and architecture heritage give evidence about very rich history and culture of this area. They represent our contemporary, historical, spiritual and material resources. The beginnings of Ogulin are closely connected with the name of the famous Frankopan family. They had built the fortress in 1500. It is still pretty well preserved and is a recognizable motif of the town of Ogulin. Today this fortress is used as the domicile museum with archeological, etnographical and mountaineering-alpinist collection, with Ivana Brliæ-Mažuraniæ's memorial room (our famous writer) and Stjepan Galetiæ's painting exhibition - they were both of Ogulin's origin. The fortress was built above the precipice of the river Dobra - Ðula's precipice, another monument created by nature itself, which makes, together with Medvednica cave, one in a series of precipices stretching over 15701 metres.

Ozalj | The town Ozalj is situated in the north-west part of the county. It covers the area of 179,4 km2 and has a population of almost 10000 people. It is situated between rivers Kupa and Dobra, her right stream. This part of the county is interesting because of its geographic diversities. Southern hills of the Žumberak mountain, hills in Vivodina covered in vineyards, wide and rich valley of the river Kupa, hill Vodenica (537m) and Šljunèara lakes rich in fish, can attract you to come over and over again. On a cliff above the beautiful and silent river Kupa stands the Fort of Ozalj, built on the traces of Neolithic and old Croatian culture and once a residence of the Zrinski and Frankopan nobility. The old town is the symbol and heart of its historic development. Within the walls, and in its neighbourhood were different sites from different epochs (neolitic, ancient and middle-aged) found. The old town Ozalj is on the croatian heritage list markt as a site and treasure of highest value, as cathegory "0". In the old town now a rich domicil museum is situated. Ozalj is fine example of cultural heritage preservation and treasuring. Among other important buildings there is an old church St. Vid (first mentioned in the year 1349) from the Baroque period. There is a "stone palace" Munjara, too - old hydroelectric power plant, built in 1908. Below the walls, a municipality was founded, which later on grew into a town in 1996.

Image6Samobor | On the east hillsides of Samobor Mountains, outbound romantic valleys of stream Gradnina only 20 kilometers away from Zagreb lie the primeval small town Samobor population (14,170) and his wide neighbourhood from Okicgrad until Zumberak. This is the area one from oldest and most attractive picnic grounds of Inhabitants Of Zagreb, frequent aim tripper, mountain climbers and tourists from the country and abroad's.
Economy is based on farming, crafts, chemical industry, glass manufacturing and tourism. Samobor is located on the regional road, which branches of off the main road (M1, E70) Zagreb - state border – Ljubljana.
Samobor is exceptionally the picturesque medieval small town with beautiful old buildings and castles, romantic ruins of Old town from XIII century, sacral and historical monuments, bathing places, shady parks and walks these modern catering establishments and picnic grounds.
Walk Samobor offers the chance for watching crowds of miscellaneous details, entertainment, rest, this chance that slightly learn about the history of this town.
Samobor today has around 15.000 the inhabitant, and in surrounding settlements and villages lives yet 20.000 the inhabitant.
Closeness of border with Republic Slovenia and border crossing in Bregana make Samobor yet more attractive.
This town in whom fall in love poets, painters, sculptors and composers these are not the miracle what in the touch with Samobor wakes up modern Croatia national conscience and start singing under this mountains "Jos Hrvatska nij' propala." Yet ancient 1827 hold the oldest noted down carnival dance in the building of new town council and since then so to-date the Samobor carnival attracts each other the large number men which join carnival procession.
In Samobor every year holds out the International Samobor festival of fireworks, where the evening rich fun program beside much the music and good mood culminate in magnificent sights of fireworks.
Fireworks of every evening carry out in the choreography of other participant which comes from different European states.
Samobor has been surrounded mountains and numerous marked paths and mountaineering homes, from who are most known tops Japetic, Ostrc, Veliki Dol.
Men here enjoy outdoors and keeping company, and Samobor Mountains they give possibilities for the recreation from the hiking to the sport climbing.
In the neighbourhood of Samobor will find mountains, small rivers, falls and caves, and when you body cave in from the comfortable fatigue, refreshes herself unique Samobor specialties, just as is unrepeatable Samobor custard slices, Bermet, Mining greblica these down other tasty specialties.

Sisak | Sisak is a city in central Croatia at the confluence of the Kupa and Sava rivers, 57 km southeast of Croatian capital Zagreb with an elevation of 99 m. Its population is 45,792.
Sisak is usually considered to be the place where the Posavina (Sava basin), begins and as it's Croatia's biggest river port since it is centre of river shipping industry (Dunavski Lloyd). Sisak lies on the main road Zagreb - Sisak - Petrinja (M12.2) and the railroad Zagreb - Sisak - Petrinja.
Chief occupations are farming, ferrous metallurgy (iron works), chemicals, leather (footwear), textiles and food processing plants as dairy products, alcoholic beverages), building material, crude oil refinery, thermal power plant.
The city hosts University of Zagreb's Faculty of Metallurgy and the department of the Nautical Faculty.
The long history of urban life (around 2,500 years) and the extremely favourable position on the confluence of three rivers, (the Sava, the Kupa and the Odra), have made Sisak a very important town in the history of Croatia. During the Roman Empire, a Christian martyr St. Quirinus was nearly killed in what was known at that time as Siscia. Today he is the patron saint of Sisak.
The triangular fortress of the Old Town from the 16th century, well-preserved and turned into the Native Museum, is the main destination of every tourist. The fortress is famous for the victory of the Croats over the Turks in 1593, what was the very first significant defeat of the up-to-then invincible Turkish army on European grounds. The Baroque palace of Mali Kaptol and the classicist ane named (Veliki Kaptol), the brick made Old Bridge or Stari Most over the Kupa, the ethnological park are most frequently visited objects in the town. Sisak has many rich mineral springs, (spa's) with healing properties in the temperature range from (42 to 54 °C).
Sports and recreation facilities in the town and the surroundings include mainly the waters and alluvial plains a public beach on the Kupa. All rivers, (Kupa, Odra, Sava with their backwaters offer fishing opportunities. There are hunting grounds in the regions of Turopolje and Posavina. Sisak is the starting point for sightseeing tours into Lonjsko Polje Nature Park.

During the World War II, Sisak was the site of a concentration camp which was part of the large Jasenovac cluster where Serbs, Roma, and Jews were killed.

Zagreb | See cities Zagreb.


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